Drijowongso, Hatinya Luluh Karena Amal Nyata Muhammadiyah


Oleh; Mu’arif

Orang yang berkhidmat dalam Muhammadiyah ibarat bekerja dalam sunyi. Dalam kesunyian, ia tak butuh podium untuk menyampaikan gagasan. Juga tak perlu bendera (identitas kelompok) untuk menawarkan bantuan kepada orang lain. Ia pun laksana garam. Terasa asinnya tapi tak tampak wujudnya.

Begitulah orang yang bekerja di belakang layar, menjadi sumber inspirasi dan sekaligus eksekutor gagasan di lapangan. Seperti halnya sosok Drijowongso dari Porong, Sidoarjo, ia bukanlah orang yang dikenal di kalangan Muhammadiyah, apalagi umat Islam di Hindia Belanda pada awal abad 21. Tetapi sosok Drijowongso adalah sekretaris Bagian PKO Muhammadiyah mendampingi Kyai Syuja’ (ketua). Barangkali yang luput dari perhatian para peneliti Muhammadiyah kini adalah latar belakang kehidupan Drijowongso.

Sosok Drijowongso adalah seorang buruh tani yang miskin asal Jawa Timur. Ia mengadu peruntungan nasib menjadi buruh tani tebu di Klaten. Anak dan istrinya ditinggalkan di Jawa Timur. Pandangan hidup Drijowongso sekuler, tetapi jiwanya selalu memberontak. Sudah bekerja keras di bawah tekanan para cukong Belanda, pendapatannya tak bisa mencukupi kebutuhan hidupnya, apalagi untuk menghidupi anak dan istrinya. Terbakar semangat oleh bujukan Haji Misbach, para buruh tani tebu di Klaten berontak.

Mereka melakukan pemogokan kerja secara massal pada sekitar tahun 1921. Drijowongso termasuk salah satu aktor di balik aksi pemogokan buruh tersebut. Kerugian besar ditanggung perusahaan milik para cukong kolonial. Akhirnya, buruh tani asal Porong tersebut ditangkap oleh tentara kolonial dan dijebloskan ke dalam penjara di Magelang selama satu setengah tahun.

Betapa sedih dan sengsara sosok Drijowongso selama di penjara. Anak dan istrinya tidak mendapat kiriman uang untuk membiayai hidup di kampung. Dalam keheningan di penjara, ia teringat pada sosok ulama modernis yang sangat murah hati. Teringat dalam pikirannya sebuah organisasi yang telah didirikan oleh ulama tersebut: Muhammadiyah.

Tampaknya, kemunculan sosok ulama modernis dari Kauman, Yogyakarta, sudah santer beredar di daerah Magelang. Bahkan, ulama tersebut juga mengajar di salah satu sekolah kolonial ternama di kota ini (OSVIA). Pandangan keagamaannya dinilai sangat maju. Apalagi, lahirnya gerakan Islam modern yang digagas oleh ulama modernis tersebut bertujuan untuk memajukan kaum pribumi. Drijowongso pun tertarik. Ia mengajukan permohonan kepada HB Muhammadiyah supaya berkenan menghidupi anak istrinya yang berada di Porong.

Haji Fachrodin (Soewara Moehammadijah no. 1/th ke-4/1922) mengisahkan, pada tanggal 20 November 1921, SI cabang Kediri mengundang HB Muhammadiyah Bagian Tabligh untuk menghadiri openbarvergadering di tempat tersebut. Utusan HB Muhammadiyah terdiri dari KH Ahmad Dahlan dan Haji Fachrodin. KH Ahmad Dahlan dan Haji Fachrodin diundang oleh SI cabang Kediri karena dalam struktur CSI, keduanya menjabat posisi teras. Dalam memenuhi undangan tersebut, HB Muhammadiyah mengajak Siti Moendjijah, adik kandung Haji Fachrodin yang menjadi salah satu santri putri KH. Ahmad Dahlan.


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